A thangka is a Tibetan Buddhist painting on cotton, or silk appliqué, usually depicting a Buddhist deity, scene, or mandala. Thangkas are traditionally kept unframed and rolled up when not on display. It can last a long time, but because of their delicate nature, they have to be kept in dry places where moisture will not affect the quality of the silk.
The most common is loosely woven cotton produced in widths from 40 to 58 cm. The paint consists of pigments in a water-soluble medium of animal glue. Most old thangka have inscriptions on the back, usually the mantra of the deity depicted.
Thangka often overflow with symbolism and allusion. Because the art is explicitly religious, all symbols and allusions must be in accordance with strict guidelines laid out in Buddhist scripture. The artist must be properly trained and have sufficient religious understanding, knowledge, and background to create an accurate and appropriate thangka.
Art objects, therefore, must follow rules specified in the Buddhist scriptures regarding proportions, shape, color, stance, hand positions, and attributes in order to personify correctly the Buddha or Deities.
A thangka painting serves as an aid to teaching, as each detail on it has a deep meaning and refers to parts of the Buddhist philosophy. A Buddha painting also helps your Tibetan Buddhist meditations as it shows you how to visualize the deity.
Thanka is a visual expression of the highest state of consciousness, which is the ultimate goal of the Buddhist spiritual path. This is why a thangka is sometimes called a ‘roadmap to enlightenment’, as it shows you the way to this fully awakened state of enlightenment.
Some Tibetan monasteries possess huge scrolls that are unrolled on certain holidays such as for Losar and Tibetan New Year.
To sketch the Buddha figures and mandalas in a thangka, the artist needs an exact knowledge of the proportions and measurements of each deity as established by artistic practice and Buddhist iconography. A grid containing these proportions has been essential for all these centuries to establish the correct transmission and continuity of the figures.
Bhutanese red rice is medium-grain rice and is the staple rice of the Bhutanese people. The red rice that is semi-milled; some of the reddish bran is left on the rice. Because of this, it cooks somewhat faster than an unmilled brown rice. When cooked, the rice is pale pink, soft and slightly sticky.
Rice production in Bhutan plays an important role in food supply in Bhutan. It is cultivated largely for domestic consumption. Whilst Bhutan is a notable grower of rice, Bhutan imports most of its rice demands.
Red rice is the most prominent form of rice grown in the Paro valley in Bhutan, one of the beautiful countries of Asia. It is grown in terraces cut at the foothills and valleys of the Himalayas which cover the entire country of Bhutan.
Limbukha farmers in major part of Paro, Bhutan grow the maximum amount of red rice in the region. They are specialized in the job. They also grow oranges and apples.
Tourists should see Thangka Painting and visit Paro, major producer of red rice in Thangka Painting and Paro Rice Farming – Bhutan Travel Video.